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Psychoanalysis is a set of psychological theories and therapeutic techniques, originally developed by Sigmund Freud. Over time, Freud's theories and techniques have been revised, and reformed by later psychoanalysts, many of whom went on to develop their own independent ideas.


The fundamental principles of psychoanalysis include the following:


  1. Childhood experiences play a central role in the development of adult personality. A person's development is therefore determined by events in early childhood.
  2. ​Human thought, attitude and behavior are largely influenced by irrational drives, which are out of conscious awareness.
  3. Attempts to bring these unconscious drives into conscious awareness are met with psychological resistance in the form of defenses (which are also out of awareness).
  4. ​Conflicts between conscious and unconscious (repressed) material can manifest itself in the form of emotional disturbances, for example: anxiety, depression, etc.
  5. ​Release from the effects of these conflicts is achieved by bringing this material into consciousness and then by working through the conflicts using therapeutic interventions.



​Psychoanalysis refers to a specific type of treatment in which the "analysand" (patient undergoing psychoanalysis) verbally expresses his thoughts, fantasies, and dreams from which the analyst deduces the unconscious conflicts causing the patient's symptoms, and interprets them for the patient to gain insight for resolution of the problems. Through the analysis of conflicts, psychoanalytic treatment can help patients understand how they unconsciously play a role in creating their own difficulties. In addition, they also understand how unconscious actions and reactions that have been evoked by experiences (often long forgotten) are causing symptoms. 



​​Rajeev R. Warrier, Psy.D., LLC

Clinical Psychologist & Psychoanalyst

Individual Psychotherapy, Psychoanalysis & Immigration Evaluations